Blogs about the life of the real Jewish Jesus whose actual name was Yeshua. View his life, teachings and movement in the cultural context of first century Galilee and Judea. Using a Linguistic Model to more accurately understand what his words meant to his original Jewish apostles, followers and audiences.
Search This Blog
It’s a Yod -- NOT a Jot and Tittle!
only did Yeshua read and speak Hebrew, so did his followers and disciples! Two
very well known, but not accurately understood words in the Gospel of Matthew
prove it – jot and tittle. For some
reason jot and tittle stick in the minds of Christian Bible readers. But when you
ask them what jot or tittle mean, you get a lot of
conflicting and some really weird answers. Today, you are going to get the
facts about what Yeshua originally said and how they ended up in English
translations of the Bible as jot and tittle.
begin by reading Matthew 5:18 from the King
For verily I say
unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot
or one tittle shall in no wise pass
from the law, till all be fulfilled.
you have not read the article “From
Yeshua to Jesus” in Yeshua’s Kingdom
Handbook please take a moment to read it online by clicking
here before you continue. In it you will see how we began with the name
“Jesus” and traced it through Latin
and Greek back to his real Hebrew nameיְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yeshua). We will use the same method to trace the words
“jot” and “tittle” back to the Hebrew words Yeshua spoke as he taught a very
important lesson to his disciples.
first step is to discover the Greek words the King James translators translated
jot and tittle.
Greek word translated jot is ἰῶτα (iota).
Greek word translated tittle is κεραία (keraia).
word ἰῶτα (iōta) is the name for the
smallest letter of the Greek alphabet.
Greek word κεραία (keraia) is defined as a horn,
anything like a horn, a small dot in writing.
When we trace the Greek words back to Hebrew, we
discover ἰῶτα (iōta) is the Greek
translation of the Hebrew word יוֹד (yod), the tenth and smallest letter of
the Hebrew alphabet.
we trace the Greek word κεραία (keraia)
back to Hebrew we discover that it is the Hebrew word transliterated qotz, which means “thorn.”
the time of Yeshua there was a popular phrase that is translated “not a yod or a thorn of a yod”. For the
Hebrew speaking audience it meant something like this – “not the smallest letter or even the smallest part of the smallest
letter.” Yeshua used that idea to make an important point.
people had accused him of “destroying”
the words of the Hebrew Scriptures.
His response was this – I will not
destroy one yod or even one qotz of a yod of the Hebrew Scriptures.” Now we
know that not only did Yeshua read and speak Hebrew, so did his followers and
disciples – otherwise they couldn’t have
understand what he taught! We will discuss how Yeshua used these words in their full
context to make some very important points in a future study soon.
want to “thank” the “Friends of the Real
Yeshua Project” for their generosity in supporting our work. They made it
possible for us to do the work required to produce this information, publish
it, and make it available for you and anyone else without cost.
Please consider becoming
a “Friend of the Real Yeshua Project”
In the last blog, we covered the first part of Yeshua’s lesson on Anger -- An Angry Person Should be Tried in Court like a Murderer – keep in mind that “anger” is the focus of Yeshua’s lesson. “Whoever says to a brother, ‘ RAKA ,’ shall be answerable to the Sanhedrin.” [i] Yeshua reveals that the seriousness of the offense has become greater by elevating the crime to the next highest court – the Sanhedrin . It is the highest court in the nation and would be the equivalent of our Supreme Court. What makes this offense more serious than murder, to keep things in the context established by Yeshua? It is because of what the angry person said out of anger – “ RAKA !” RAKA is the English transliteration of the Greek word found in the ancient manuscripts of Matthew. Interestingly, the Greek word is also a transliteration of a Hebrew word into Greek. Keep in mind that when a translator working on a translation of a Greek manuscript transliterates a Greek word, he only finds the
One of Jesus’s earliest memories was no doubt watching and listening to his family when they gathered to pray the Shema at sunrise before the day’s work began and after the working work day was over at sunset . He also heard and participated in praying the Shema at their synagogue. He was surrounded by neighbors who also prayed the same prayer in their homes every day. The Hebrew word for prayer is tefilah . It is derived from the root Pe-Lamed-Lamed and the word l'hitpalel, meaning “ to judge oneself .” This surprising word origin provides insight into the purpose of Jewish prayer. The most important part of any Jewish prayer, whether it be a prayer of petition, of thanksgiving, of praise of God, or of confession, is the introspection it provides, the moment that we spend looking inside ourselves, seeing our role in the universe and our relationship to God.  Most of Jewish prayers are expressed in the first person plural, "us" instead of "me," an