Skip to main content

Yeshua’s Habit of Going to the Synagogue on Shabbat (Part 1)

Yeshua came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and went into the synagogue on Shabbat, as was his habit. (Luke 4:16)

It was Yeshua’s habit (custom) to go to a synagogue on Shabbat. Shabbat began at sundown on Friday and ended at sundown on Saturday. It was the seventh day of the Jewish week. Shabbat is a special period of time in the Jewish culture.

On the seventh day ELOHIYM (the Creator) completed His work which he had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all his work which He had done. ELOHIYM blessed the seventh day and set it apart, because in it He rested from all his work which ELOHIYM had created and made. (Genesis 2:1b-3)

Remember the Shabbat by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Shabbat to YAHWEH your ELOHIYM. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. For in six days YAHWEH made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore YAHWEH blessed the Shabbat day and made it holy. (Exodus 20:8-11)

In Hebrew, to make something “holy” means to “set apart for a particular purpose or use.” One purpose of the Shabbat is to rest from work and the other is for the teaching of the Creator’s wisdom and laws. The two places His wisdom and laws were taught were at the Temple and in the synagogues during the life of Yeshua.

Theodotus, a Greek historian,[i] noted that there was an important difference between synagogues in Israel and those outside the land. The central focus of all synagogues was to teach the Torah – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers & Deuteronomy. Synagogues in Israel, however, were not houses of prayer.” [ii] In the land of Israel there was only one House of Prayer -- the Temple.
Synagogues in Judea, Samaria and Galilee werehouses of study,” as well as community meeting centers. Yeshua would have attended the synagogue in Nazareth many times during his life and would have been well known by those attending it.

Synagogues shared a number of things in common. The physical alignment of a synagogue pointed in the direction of the Temple in Jerusalem. When we walked through the entrance with Yeshua we would see that the seating was on benches, not in pews. There was a raised platform called a BEMA in the middle, a MENORAH (a seven-branched candlestick), and an ARK.[iii] The congregation faced the Temple as they participated in the services, recited Scriptures, and were taught the Torah.

Synagogues were also the centers of community life on the other six days. Meetings were held and children received their basic education there. Jews traveling through a town would stop at the local synagogue, especially on the Shabbat.  Strangers would be welcomed by the congregation, invited to eat meals with them, and some synagogues even had places where they could spend the night. We will learn more about the synagogue in the blog.

If you like The Real Yeshua Blog let us know by going to our Facebook page and “Like” it --

We would also appreciate your support. For information about how to donate go to -- -- Shalom!



Popular posts from this blog

Do Not Say RAQA! - Yeshua on Anger (Part 2)

In the last blog, we covered the first part of Yeshua’s lesson on Anger -- An Angry Person Should be Tried in Court like a Murderer – keep in mind that “anger” is the focus of Yeshua’s lesson. “Whoever says to a brother, ‘ RAKA ,’ shall be answerable to the Sanhedrin.” [i] Yeshua reveals that the seriousness of the offense has become greater by elevating the crime to the next highest court – the Sanhedrin . It is the highest court in the nation and would be the equivalent of our Supreme Court. What makes this offense more serious than murder, to keep things in the context established by Yeshua? It is because of what the angry person said out of anger – “ RAKA !” RAKA is the English transliteration of the Greek word found in the ancient manuscripts of Matthew. Interestingly, the Greek word is also a transliteration of a Hebrew word into Greek. Keep in mind that when a translator working on a translation of a Greek manuscript transliterates a Greek word, he only finds the

The Prayer Yeshua Prayed Twice Every Day

One of Jesus’s earliest memories was no doubt watching and listening to his family when they gathered to pray the Shema at sunrise before the day’s work began and after the working work day was over at sunset . He also heard and participated in praying the Shema at their synagogue. He was surrounded by neighbors who also prayed the same prayer in their homes every day. The Hebrew word for prayer is tefilah . It is derived from the root Pe-Lamed-Lamed and the word l'hitpalel, meaning “ to judge oneself .” This surprising word origin provides insight into the purpose of Jewish prayer. The most important part of any Jewish prayer, whether it be a prayer of petition, of thanksgiving, of praise of God, or of confession, is the introspection it provides, the moment that we spend looking inside ourselves, seeing our role in the universe and our relationship to God. [1] Most of Jewish prayers are expressed in the first person plural, "us" instead of "me," an

What is a “tittle”?

For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one yod or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. (Matthew 5:18) In the last blog we learned that a “jot” was really “ yod ,” the smallest letter of the Hebrew alphabet. So, now let’s turn our attention to “ tittle ” and see what it means. It is another one of those words you never hear or use in everyday conversations. First, let’s see look up tittle in an English dictionary and see if we can find a definition. There is a definition and it is: “a dot or other small mark in writing or printing, used as a diacritic, punctuation, etc.” However, when we look at a yod we do not find any dots or small marks.  Follow the arrow and look at the very upper left tip of the  yod . ↓  י   Do you see the small  point? When we turn to the Jewish culture of Yeshua we find that the scribes had a name for it --  קוץ  ( QOTz ). The translation of the word  קוץ  is “thorn.” [i]  When Yeshua spok